Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Effects of soil rewetting and thawing on soil gas fluxes: a review of current literature and suggestions for future research
Dong_Gill Kim
Benjamin Bond_Lamberty
Merritt Turetsky
Acceso Abierto
Soil rewetting, Thawing gas fluxes, Hidrology, CO2, Soil gases, N2O
"The rewetting of dry soils and the thawing of frozen soils are short-term, transitional phenomena in terms of hydrology and the thermodynamics of soil systems. The impact of these short-term phenomena on larger scale ecosystem fluxes is increasingly recognized, and a growing number of studies show that these events affect fluxes of soil gases such as carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>), methane (CH<sub>4</sub>), nitrous oxide (N<sub>2</sub>O), ammonia (NH<sub>3</sub>) and nitric oxide (N<sub>O</sub>). Global climate models predict that future climatic change is likely to alter the frequency and intensity of drying-rewetting events and thawing of frozen soils. These future scenarios highlight the importance of understanding how rewetting and thawing will influence dynamics of these soil gases. This study summarizes findings using a new database containing 338 studies conducted from 1956 to 2011, and highlights open research questions. The database revealed conflicting results following rewetting and thawing in various terrestrial ecosystems and among soil gases, ranging from large increases in fluxes to non-significant changes. Studies reporting lower gas fluxes before rewetting tended to find higher post-rewetting fluxes for CO<sub>2</sub>, N<sub>2</sub>O and N<sub>O</sub>; in addition, increases in N<sub>2</sub>O flux following thawing were greater in warmer climate regions. We discuss possible mechanisms and controls that regulate flux responses, and recommend that a high temporal resolution of flux measurements is critical to capture rapid changes in gas fluxes after these soil perturbations. Finally, we propose that future studies should investigate the interactions between biological (i.e., microbial community and gas production) and physical (i.e., porosity, diffusivity, dissolution) changes in soil gas fluxes, apply techniques to capture rapid changes (i.e., automated measurements), and explore synergistic experimental and modelling approaches."
Copernicus Publications
Biogeosciences, Vol. 9, Págs. 2459–2483
Kim,D.G.,Vargas,R.,Bond Lamberty,B.,Turetsky,M.R.2012.Effects of soil rewetting and thawing on soil gas fluxes: a review of current literature and suggestions for future research.Biogeosciences,9,2459–2483.doi::10.5194/bg-9-2459-2012
Versión publicada
publishedVersion - Versión publicada
Appears in Collections:Artículos - Biología de la Conservación

Upload archives

File SizeFormat 
164541.pdf4.97 kBAdobe PDFView/Open